Umm Al-Jimmal  

Umm Al-Jimal, became the capital of the Nabatean kingdom under its last king Rabbel II (71-106). There are few visible remains of the Nabatean/early Roman village. Several Nabatean inscriptions, mostly from tombstones, have been reused in later building. Umm al-Jimal was linked to Trajanís grand imperial highway, the Via Nova Traiana, and from the late 2Century to the early 4 Century the town developed a military function.

The Roman military presence guaranteed stability and the civilian population of Umm al-Jimal began to expand. Between the 5C and 8C it was prosperous agricultural and trading settlement. Umm al-Jimal was predominantly Christian and numerous churches were built.



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